Religion: Church of Thor (priest)
Name: The Goblin
Alter Ego: Father Jennifer D'Angelo
Other Names: Father Jennifer
First Appearance: Spider-Man 2099 (vol. 1) #8 (June 1993): "Flight of Fancy"
First Appearance (Additional Details): (as the Goblin) Spider-Man 2099 (vol. 1) #38 (Dec. 1995): "Silent Scream"
Super? (Has Super Powers/Special Abilities/Technology): Yes
Number of Appearances: 13
Employer: St. Patrick's Church
Note: sister of Spider-Man 2099's girlfriend Dana
Yes, this is a female priest. This character is part of the Marvel 2099 line of comics, and was featured in Spider-Man 2099 stories which take place 100 years in the future. The writers are actually not here postulating that by that time the Catholic Church will be ordaining women as priests. This character isn't Catholic, although she dresses much like a Catholic priest. She is, in fact, a priest in the Church of Thor.
Suggested links for further research about this character and the character's religious affiliation: