Red Ghost (Ivan Kragoff)

The Religious Affiliation of
Red Ghost
Ivan Kragoff

Religion: Marxist Communist CBR Scale: S

Name: Red Ghost

Alter Ego: Ivan Kragoff

Classification: villain villain  

Publisher(s): Marvel

First Appearance: The Fantastic Four (vol. 1) #13 (Apr. 1963): "The Fantastic Four Versus the Red Ghost and His Indescribable Super-Apes!"

Creators: Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, Steve Ditko

Super? (Has Super Powers/Special Abilities/Technology): Yes

Number of Appearances: 95

   Comic Book Appearances: 94

   TV, Film Appearances: 1

Teams/Affiliations: Super-Apes (leader); The Frightful Four

Enemy of: The Fantastic Four

Ally: Mole Man
Ally: Attuma

Nation: Russia

Birth Place: St. Petersburg, Russia

Race: white

Gender: male


From: "The New Improved Official Stupid Question Thread Marvel Edition" forum discussion, started 3 July 2004 on the Superhero Hype website (; viewed 11 August 2007):

The Question
07-24-2007, 11:01 AM

I recall an issue of Wolverine where it was said that in the Marvel Universe, the existence of god had been, beyond a shadow of a doubt, scientifically proven through some sort of mathematical equasion. So, wouldn't that mean that there are no athiests in the MU anymore?

07-24-2007, 11:02 AM

Do you know of any absolutely proven atheists in the Marvel universe?

The Question
07-24-2007, 11:05 AM

re: "Do you know of any absolutely proven atheists in the Marvel universe?"

Hmm. Well, obviously the old Communist villains from the 60s would be. Other than that, no.

From: "Atheist superheroes" forum discussion, started 2 March 2006 on the Atheist Network website (; viewed 26 May 2006):

Posted: Fri Mar 03, 2006 3:42 am

...not surprisingly more villains are revealed to be atheists than heroes: Lex Luthor, The Joker, Kingpin, Green Goblin, Sabertooth, the Leader, Abomination, Carnage, Red Ghost.

Usually, religion tends to be mostly ignored in comics and most often when it is addressed it tends to be treated fairly rough. How many times has the religious fanatic... bent on murder and mayhem been the villain of a comic?

This character is in the following 12 stories which have been indexed by this website:
4 #30 (July 2006): "Open House" (dream)
The Defenders
Fantastic Force (vol. 1) #12 (Oct. 1995): "Moments of Truth"
The Fantastic Four
Iron Man
Marvel Super-Hero Contest of Champions #1 (June 1982): "A Gathering of Heroes!"
New Warriors (vol. 3) #2 (Sep. 2005): "Animal House" (cameo)
Winter Soldier #1 (Apr. 2012): "The Longest Winter, Part One"
X-Men (vol. 2) #176 (Dec. 2005): "Wild Kingdom, Part Three: The Apes of Wrath"

Suggested links for further research about this character and the character's religious affiliation: